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Research Article
1 March 1981

Development and validation of a neutralizer system for in vitro evaluation of some antiseptics

Abstract

A neutralizer system was developed and validated for use in the in vitro bactericidal evaluation of three commonly used antiseptics, namely, Hibiclens (4% [wt/vol] chlorhexidine gluconate), Betadine (7.5% [wt/vol] povidone-iodine), and pHisoHex (3% [wt/vol] hexachlorophene). The neutralizer finally selected after a screening of 12 potential candidates consisted of 3% Asolectin, 10% Tween 80, and 0.3% sodium thiosulfate in the recovery agar. This neutralizer system was tested and validated for its neutralizing capacity for the three antiseptics, as well as for its lack of inherent bactericidal action against Staphylococcus aureus and a number of gram-negative bacteria of clinical significance, With no more than a 10-fold dilution of the antiseptic, the selected neutralizer system was 100% effective in neutralizing all the bacteriostatic carry-over of the three antiseptics and was also completely without any inherent bactericidal action against all the test organisms used. Sodium sulfite (considered to be a potential inactivator for iodophores such as Betadine), even in concentrations as low as 0.1%, was found to be ineffective or inherently bactericidal, whereas 0.3% sodium thiosulfate, in combination with Asolectin and Tween 80, was adequate (effective as well as non-bactericidal) and was considered to be essential for the neutralization of the three test antiseptics, namely, Hibiclens, Betadine, and pHisoHex.

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cover image Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume 19Number 3March 1981
Pages: 429 - 434
PubMed: 7247368

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Published online: 1 March 1981

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