Research Article
1 October 1989

Fatty acid alterations and polymyxin B binding by lipopolysaccharides from Pseudomonas aeruginosa adapted to polymyxin B resistance


Lipopolysaccharides were extracted from freeze-dried cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 (polymyxin B susceptible), isolate A (polymyxin B resistant), and isolate A-reverted (polymyxin B intermediate resistance) by either the phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether or the modified phenol-water method. Isolate A and isolate A-reverted had drastic losses of 2-hydroxydodecanoic acid and significant decreases in 3-hydroxydecanoic acid. Concentrations of amide-linked 3-hydroxydecanoic acid were similar in all three strains. Minor alterations were noted in the composition of 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid, heptose, phosphate, neutral sugars, and amino compounds. The concentrations of rhamnose in isolate A and of rhamnose and glucose in isolate A-reverted were significantly different from those in PAO1. Trace amounts of mannose and other minor unidentified carbohydrates were detected in all strains. Polymyxin B included in isolate. A growth medium complexed with lipopolysaccharides and remained bound throughout purification. PAO1 lipopolysaccharides bound more polymyxin B than did isolate A lipopolysaccharides. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated minor differences in smooth- and rough-form lipopolysaccharides of the different strains. We propose that loss of hydroxy fatty acids from lipopolysaccharides perturbs outer membrane hydrophobicity and is a contributing factor to polymyxin B adaptive resistance.

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Published In

cover image Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume 33Number 10October 1989
Pages: 1724 - 1728
PubMed: 2556077


Published online: 1 October 1989


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R S Conrad
Department of Preclinical Education, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa 74107.
C Galanos
Department of Preclinical Education, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa 74107.

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